Pre-reading & discussion
Rearrange the following list and put the items you think we most need in order of importance, from top to bottom:
A restaurant meal
A packet of M&Ms
If we only bought things we needed, there would be enough for everybody.
What you need and buy depends on how old you are and your way of life.
If we don’t need to buy so much, we don’t need to work so much. We can take part-time jobs or reduce our working day from 8 hours to 6 hours. Some people are leaving very well-paid jobs to live a healthier life in the countryside or a more exciting life abroad. This is called ‘downshifting’. Parents can spend more time with their children and the unemployed are given more opportunities to work.
If we start to respect saving the earth more than spending money, we will become ‘conservers’. When we are conservers, we try to choose environmentally friendly products which are durable and last a long time. We may find growing our own vegetables or making our own clothes more rewarding than buying them.
Next time you go shopping, think about what you really need to buy. Don’t deprive yourself of things you like, but decide what you should buy before you go out, so that you won’t be influenced by advertisements or promotions. If you can choose to work less, decide which things you would like to make, do or grow yourself. Even though you have less money, your life will become richer!
Adapted from an article by J. Bray
(A) Find the terms in the text.
- To take away or deny.
- The ability to live with less.
- Area outside of the city, rural area.
- Designed as not to damage the planet; using and maintaining natural materials.
- People who do not overspend and usually choose natural products.
- Forms of communication used to encourage or persuade an audience
(B) Read the statements below and decide whether they are TRUE or FALSE.
- Age is a factor in the way we spend our money.
- The hours we need to work can be reduced if we increase our expenses.
- Downshifting can be considered as a change of life.
- Environmentally friendly products usually cost more.
- Promotions influence people to buy more.
- You can live a rich life with less money.