Discussion & Reading Comprehension Activity
"We have all some experience of a feeling, that comes over us occasionally, of what we are saying and doing having been said and done before, in a remote time. " (Charles Dickens in David Copperfield - ch 39 )
- Do you have a good memory or a bad memory? Do you usually remember things or forget things? Can you give a few examples?
- Some people find that a certain melody, sound or smell brings back a childhood memory, such as the perfume of a flower or food that your mother cooked when you were you were a kid. Have you ever experienced that?
- Other people find that visiting a certain place brings back a feeling of a repeated scene. Has it happened to you?
Read the article below and answer the questions that follow.
Our five senses help form our memory. At times sensory information retrieves a smell of lemon cake from childhood, the feeling of being in a familiar place or a face we think we know. This episode is called deja-vu or “already seen”.
Does it happen to most of us? Déjà vu is not considered a rare phenomenon. Surveys show that about one third of the population has had the most common form of déjà vu sensations.
These sensations are often felt through several senses: seeing, hearing, taste, touch and smell perceptions. The experience is often incredibly detailed and is usually connected to very normal activities. Although the episode itself lasts from only a fraction of a second to several minutes, it can often be remembered in detail long after the episode has occurred.
What causes a déjà vu episode? There are several possible explanations for what is occurring during a déjà vu experience. One possibility is simply the occasional mismatch made by the brain to create whole pictures out of very small pieces of information. When the brain receives a small sensory input similar to such a detail experienced in the past, the entire memory image is brought forward.
Another explanation for déjà vu is that there is a slight malfunctioning between the long and short-term memory circuits of the brain. When a new, recent piece of information is drawn upon, the person thinks that the piece is coming from long-term storage and so must have come from the distant past.
Anyway, even though there is still no proven theory concerning these episodes, scientists agree that a better understanding of déjà vu may lead us closer to an understanding of the complex relationship between ourselves and our memories.
a-What is the best summary of the article?
1)Theories for the cause of déjà vu.
2)A description of déjà vu episodes.
3)The connection between our senses, memory and déjà vu.
b-Which senses may intervene in déjà vu episodes?
1)smell and sight.
2)smell, sight and hearing.
3)all five senses.
c-According to the article, déjà vu episodes are...
d-According to the article, the explanations for déjà vu episodes are...
e-According to the article...
1)Memory plays an important role in déjà vu.
2)Our emotions play an important role in déjà vu.
3)Sensitivity plays an important role in déjà vu.